Glossary


Q

 

Quarte

(parry no 4) Quarte

Parry #4; blade up and to the inside, wrist supinated. 

Quinte

(parry no 5) Quinte

Parry #5; blade up and to the inside, wrist pronated. In sabre, the blade is held above the head to protect from head cuts.

Quiver

form of fencing weapon carry bag useful for short journeys

 

R

 

Ranking 

Points system based on competitive results – fencers “seed”

Rapier

Rapière . a long, double-edged thrusting sword popular in the 16th- 17th centuries. 

Red card  

Carton rouge 

used to indicate repeated minor rule infractions or a major rule infraction by one of the fencers; A penalty received resulting In a point awarded to the opposition 

Redoublement

Redoublement

A new action that follows an attack that missed or was parried; renewal of a failed attack in the opposite line; alternatively see Reprise.

Repêchage

Repêchage A form of competition where the losing fencer in a bout, who’s eliminated from directly qualifying to the next round, fences another losing fencer for a second chance to qualify.

Referee 

ArbitrePrésident

Also director, president; the mediator of the fencing bout. 

Reflexes

A stereotyped (involuntary) motor response elicited by a defined stimulus.

Remise

Remise

Immediate replacement of an attack that missed or was parried, without withdrawing the arm. 

Reprise 

Reprise

Renewal of an attack that missed or was parried, after a return to En-Garde; see also Redoublement. 

Retreat 

Retraite

Step back; opposite of advance. Defensive backward movement

Return to guard

Action following lunge back to En-Garde position, pushing body back to upright position

Ricasso

The portion of the tang between the grip and the blade, present on Italian hilts and most rapiers. 

Roll call

Start time for all competitions


 

Right of way

Raison, Priorité

rules for awarding the point in the event of a double touch in foil or sabre. Awarded to priority (more skilful action) by hand first action 

Riposte

Riposte  An attack offensive action made immediately after a parry of the opponent’s attack. 

 

S

 

Sabre 

Figure 2 in appendix

Sabre

A fencing weapon with a flat blade and knuckle guard, used with cutting or thrusting actions; a military sword popular in the 18th to 20th centuries; any cutting sword used by cavalry

Sabreur

Competitor using specific fencing weapon - Sabre

Salle 

Fencing Salle d’armes

A fencing hall or club.

Salute 

Salut

With the weapon, a customary acknowledgement of one’s opponent and referee at the start and end of the bout.  Known as fencing etiquette 

Schlager

German fraternity duelling sword, used with cuts to the face and no footwork. 

Set 

Angulation of weapon to weight and balance of weapon to allow correct technique – suited to individual

Second 

(parry no 2) Seconde

Parry #2; blade down and to the outside, wrist pronated.

Second Intention

Seconde intention

A false action used to draw a response from the opponent, which will open the opportunity for the intended action that follows, typically a counter-riposte

Septime 

(parry no 7) Septime

Parry #7; blade down and to the inside, wrist supinated.

Simultaneous 

Attaques simultanées

In foil and sabre, two attacks for which the right-of- way is too close to determine.

Simple attack 

Attaque simple

An attack (or riposte) that involves no feints.

Single Stick 

Canne

A form of fencing with basket-hilted wooden sticks. 

Single-time

Also “stesso tempo”; parry-riposte as a single action. 

Sixte 

Sixte (parry no 6)

Parry #6; blade up and to the outside, wrist supinated. 

Small Sword 

Dague

A light duelling sword popular in the 18th century, precursor to the foil. 

Sockets 

Fitting on weapon attaches bodywire to aid connection to circuit

Spool 

Insulated wire on a reel connecting fencers to box

Stop Hit

Coup d’arrêt

A counter-attack that hits; also a counter-attack whose touch is valid by virtue of it’s timing.

 

Stop Cut

Coup d’arrêt 

A stop-hit with the edge in sabre, typically to the cuff.

Stop clock

3 minute countdown for timing fencing time of the bout within a poule bout or D/E

Spring

Simple pressure mechanism that controls weight. resistance defined for foil (500g) and Epee (750g)

Supination

The hand with the palm facing up.

 

 

 

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